Jewish Holidays

Jewish Holidays

Jewish calendar is based on three astronomical phenomena: the rotation of the Earth about its axis, the revolution of the moon about the Earth and the revolution of the Earth about the sun. These three phenomena mark the beginning and end of a day, month and year respectively. Based on this calendar, the country celebrates many holidays and festivals.

Following is the list of Jewish holidays :
  • Rosh Hashanah : Jewish New Year: It is a two day holiday celebrated somewhere in September as the Jewish New Year and Day of Judgment. It is believed that on this day God judges each and every individual of the country based on his deeds and makes a declaration for the upcoming year.
  • Yom Kippur : It is a one day holiday celebrated as a Day of Atonement and reconciliation.
  • Chanukkah : It is also called Hanukkah and the festival of light celebrated as an eight day holiday beginning on the 25th day of Kislev according to the Hebrew calendar. This holiday falls between late November and late December.
  • Tu B'Shevat : The name of this holiday is originated from the date of the holiday, the 15th day of Shevat. Shevat is the name of a Hebrew calendar month.
  • Purim : Purim is celebrated on the 14th day of the Hebrew month of Adar, the day following the victory of the Jews over their Persian oppressors which was on the 13 day of Adar.
  • Pesach : This holiday is celebrated on the 14th day of the month called Nisan.
  • Lag B'Omer : This Jewish holiday is celebrated on the thirty-third day of the counting of the Omer, on the 18th of Iyar.
  • Yom HaShoah : Celebrated as Holocaust Remembrance Day.
  • Yom Hazikaron : This holiday is celebrated as the Memorial Day.
  • Yom Haatzmaut : This is a day celebrates as the Israel New Year.
The dates of Jewish holidays do not change from year to year. Jewish holidays are celebrated on the same day of the Jewish calendar every year. The Jewish calendar is based on the cycle of the moon. The Gregorian calendar used by most of the western world is based on the solar year. Since the lunar year of the Jewish calendar is not the same length as the solar year of the Gregorian calendar, the date shifts on the Gregorian calendar.
Links to other Jewish Sites
Rosh Chodesh Sh'vat - Fri, 15 January 2010 at sundown
The new Hebrew month of Sh'vat
Tu B'Shvat - Fri, 29 January 2010 at sundown
New Year for Trees
Shabbat Shekalim - Fri, 12 February 2010 at sundown
Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh Adar
Rosh Chodesh Adar - Sat, 13 February 2010 at sundown
The new Hebrew month of Adar
Ta'anit Esther - Thu, 25 February 2010 at dawn
Fast of Esther
Shabbat Zachor - Fri, 26 February 2010 at sundown
Shabbat before Purim
Purim Katan
Minor Purim celebration during Adar I on leap years
Purim - Sat, 27 February 2010 at sundown
Purim is one of the most joyous and fun holidays on the Jewish calendar. It commemorates a time when the Jewish people living in Persia were saved from extermination
Shushan Purim - Sun, 28 February 2010 at sundown
Purim celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities
Shabbat Parah - Fri, 05 March 2010 at sundown
Shabbat after Purim
Shabbat HaChodesh - Fri, 12 March 2010 at sundown
Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh Nissan
Rosh Chodesh Nisan - Mon, 15 March 2010 at sundown
The new Hebrew month of Nisan
Shabbat HaGadol - Fri, 26 March 2010 at sundown
Shabbat before Pesach
Ta'anit Bechorot - Mon, 29 March 2010 at dawn
Fast of the First Born
Pesach - Mon, 29 March 2010 at sundown
Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Also called Chag HaMatzot (the Festival of Matzah), it commemorates the Exodus and freedom of the Israelites from ancient Egypt
Days of the Omer
7 weeks from the second night of Pesach to the day before Shavuot
Yom HaShoah - Sat, 10 April 2010 at sundown
Holocaust Memorial Day
Rosh Chodesh Iyyar - Tue, 13 April 2010 at sundown
The new Hebrew month of Iyyar
Yom HaZikaron - Sun, 18 April 2010 at sundown
Israeli Memorial Day. Note that Hebcal displays modern holidays like Yom HaZikaron according to the Israeli schedule. Although Yom Hazikaron is normally observed on the 4th of Iyyar, it may be moved earlier or postponed if observance of the holiday (or Yom HaAtzma'ut, which always follows it) would conflict with Shabbat
Yom HaAtzma'ut - Mon, 19 April 2010 at sundown
Israeli Independence Day. Commemorates the declaration of independence of Israel in 1948. Note that Hebcal displays modern holidays like Yom HaAtzma'ut according to the Israeli schedule. Although Yom HaAtzma'ut is normally observed on the 5th of Iyyar, it may be moved earlier or postponed if observance of the holiday (or Yom HaZikaron, which always preceeds it) would conflict with Shabbat
Lag B'Omer - Sat, 01 May 2010 at sundown
33rd day of counting the Omer
Yom Yerushalayim - Tue, 11 May 2010 at sundown
Jerusalem Day. Commemorates the re-unification of Jerusalem in 1967
Rosh Chodesh Sivan - Thu, 13 May 2010 at sundown
The new Hebrew month of Sivan
Shavuot - Tue, 18 May 2010 at sundown
Feast of Pentecost
Rosh Chodesh Tamuz - Fri, 11 June 2010 at sundown
The new Hebrew month of Tamuz
Tzom Tammuz - Tue, 29 June 2010 at dawn
Fast commemorating breaching of the walls of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar
Rosh Chodesh Av - Sun, 11 July 2010 at sundown
The new Hebrew month of Av
Shabbat Chazon - Fri, 16 July 2010 at sundown
Shabbat before Tish'a B'Av (Shabbat of Prophecy/Shabbat of Vision)
Tish'a B'Av - Mon, 19 July 2010 at sundown
Fast commemorating the destruction of the two Temples
Shabbat Nachamu - Fri, 23 July 2010 at sundown
Shabbat after Tish'a B'Av (Shabbat of Consolation)
Rosh Chodesh Elul - Mon, 09 August 2010 at sundown
The new Hebrew month of Elul
Shabbat Rosh Chodesh
When Shabbat falls on Rosh Chodesh
Shabbat Machar Chodesh
When Shabbat falls the day before Rosh Chodesh

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